Due to the sensitivity of the information contained in consumer reports and certain records, there are a variety of important laws regulating the dissemination and legal use of this information. Most notably, the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) regulates the use of consumer reports (which it defines as information collected and reported by third party agencies) as it pertains to adverse decisions, notification to the applicant, and destruction and safekeeping of records.

When you initiate a Background Check with Intelius, you will receive a report which could include the individual’s criminal record, marriage and divorce history, lawsuits they have been involved in, bankruptcies, liens against them, and more. Your Background Check may also include other basic People Search information, such as full name, birthday, addresses, and more.


Many courts haven’t digitized their criminal records yet, which means they aren’t available online. If the information is not online, then background check services can’t use web scraping software to collect criminal records from the court. In these instances, some services have a court runner service where they send a person to the courthouse to physically pull the public files. This person is a court runner, trained on digging through files and retrieving information.
U.S. citizens may be asked to present a “certificate of good conduct” or “lack of a criminal record” for a variety of reasons for use abroad, including adoption, school attendance, employment, etc. U.S. law enforcement authorities may not be familiar with such a procedure since it is not commonly requested in the United States. There are a variety of options available to U.S. citizens seeking to obtain proof of their lack of a criminal record.

Reviewing Arrest Records is an important part of performing a background check. Most employers use background checks as part of their hiring process, and some are required by law to run a background check before hiring anyone. Landlords may also use Arrest Records to assess potential renters. Arrest records may also be used by post-secondary schools, the military, foster care services, firearms sellers, and driver's license offices to screen criminal history.

There are multiple avenues in which an individual can obtain a criminal record check in Finland including applying online, by fax, post or email. An individual can also apply in person to the Legal Register Centre (Oikeusrekisterikeskus), which is the department responsible for the criminal record. The certificate, issued in English, French, German, Spanish and Swedish costs approximately €12 to €15. The certificate can be expected to be received within approximately seven working days, taking into account postage time.[36]
In Sweden, the police has a record of convictions ("Belastningsregistret"). It does not contain arrests, and its information is not available for general public, even regarding serious crimes. Individuals can ask for a copy of their own record once per year, or against a fee anytime. For employment involving children or for security guards etc., a check will be made against the criminal record. Regular employers more and more often require applicants to get a record copy themselves and give the employer. The number of requests for own copies increased from 40,000 to 199,000 between 2003 and 2012.
For the formerly incarcerated, a criminal record is a barrier to reentering the workforce, making it much more difficult for ex-felons to rehabilitate into society. In an effort to increase employment opportunities and decrease recidivism rates, the federal government offers incentives to employers for hiring convicted felons through the Work Opportunity Tax Credit program.
Many background check website services advertise their background check, court records, and other services as free services. However, to compile an arrest record report or any other background check report for that manner, costs money. There is always a free when you pull an arrest record report. The search may be free, but in order to pull a complete report, you will have to sign up for a membership. Arrest Records can be obtained for free on your own, but requires a lot of work to find the appropriate court records, or arrest records you are looking for. Arrest records can show up on background check reports when you perform a people search or a background check on someone. Convictions, felonies and other related court documents may also show up on a background check report, but this varies from person to person.
In Hong Kong, criminal records are maintained by the Hong Kong Police Force. Unlike other countries listed on this article, Hong Kong authorities do not allow for access to criminal records by employers or school purposes. The Chief Executive of Hong Kong has the sole power to pardon offences committed in Hong Kong under section 12 of article 48 Basic Law of Hong Kong. "The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise the following powers and functions... To pardon persons convicted of criminal offences or commute their penalties".

Keep in mind, though, that each state also has its own regulations regarding who appears on the public sex offender registry, and these regulations are based on the state's crime classification. For example, some states place people who have committed sex crimes into certain categories or tiers, and only the people who've been convicted of the most serious crimes appear on the public registry.
An individual requiring an apostille or authenticated copy of his/her FBI Identification Record, or any non-U.S. national or permanent resident who wishes to request his/her FBI Identification Record must submit a request directly to the FBI CJIS Division. The U.S. Department of State Authentications Office may then place an apostille document for use in a country that is party to the Hague Apostille Convention. For countries not party to the Hague Apostille Convention, the U.S. Department of State Authentication Office will place a certification over the FBI seal.

Arrests for felonies, misdemeanors, and both criminal and civil charges are included in the Arrest Record. They may also contain pending warrants, fines, or monetary restitution for an arrest or conviction, and charges that have been dismissed or for which the individual was acquitted. If an arrest led to a conviction, the Arrest Record may list the sentence and any incarceration. An Arrest Record will also show if an individual is on the sex offender registry.

Depending on what you need it for, how much information you need and how many reports you need, a background check can cost as little as $19.95 or as much as $49.95. Most services we reviewed let you purchase single reports. However, signing up for a subscription can save you money because you get many reports for one monthly cost. Subscriptions range from $19.95 to around $35 per month, though some services charge additional fees for information like social media and addresses. These additional fees range from $5 to $10.
In the event that the name and date of birth of the applicant matches any sexual offence record in the system, he/she is required to submit fingerprints to the RCMP for a physical confirmation.[17] Criminal record check is an integral part of the process for obtaining security clearances regardless of level of access. Some provinces may require high-risk professions to be screened to ensure public safety. For example, the BC Ministry of Justice requires all healthcare professionals, practicum students in healthcare, childcare facilities staff and volunteers, school and hospital staff regardless of position to undergo a CRC via the Criminal Records Review Program.[15] Many Canadian universities require a Criminal Records Check or other screening procedure (e.g. Child Abuse Registry Check, Vulnerable Sector Screen) as a condition of admission into its programs.[18][19]
Employers may investigate past employment to verify position and salary information. More intensive checks can involve interviews with anybody that knew or previously knew the applicant—such as teachers, friends, coworkers, neighbors, and family members; however, extensive hearsay investigations in background checks can expose companies to lawsuits. Past employment and personal reference verifications are moving toward standardization with most companies in order to avoid expensive litigation.
Arrests, prosecutions and the disposition of the case for persons arrested for Class B misdemeanor or greater violation of Texas criminal statutes, as well as Class C convictions or deferred adjudications that are reported to the Department. The statute identifies many of the actual data elements. In addition, although not required by statute, CCH has traditionally included limited supervision data reported to DPS by TDCJ.
DISCLAIMER: You may not use our service or the information it provides to make decisions about consumer credit, employment, insurance, tenant screening, or any other purpose that would require Fair Credit and Reporting Act (FCRA) compliance. GoLookUp does not provide consumer reports and is not a consumer reporting agency. (These terms have special meanings under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC 1681 et seq., ("FCRA"), which are incorporated herein by reference.) The information available on our website may not be 100% accurate, complete, or up to date, so do not use it as a substitute for your own due diligence, especially if you have concerns about a person's criminal history. GoLookUp does not make any representation or warranty about the accuracy of the information available through our website or about the character or integrity of the person about whom you inquire. For more information, please review GoLookup Terms of Use.
The Louisiana State Police, NCIC/LLETS Access Unit, pursuant to Federal Regulations, provides oversight to the informational exchange between the Louisiana Criminal Justice system users and their counterparts throughout the world. The Louisiana Law Enforcement Telecommunications System (LLETS) is managed by the Department of Public Safety and Corrections (DPS&C), Louisiana State Police, and allows various authorized Criminal Justice entities to access and exchange critical Criminal Justice information. The Department also oversees access to the National Crime Information Center (NCIC), the Interstate Identification Index (III), and the International Justice and Public Safety Network (NLETS). These various systems are loosely defined as the "Law Enforcement Network."
In the United States, you can file a lawsuit for just about any reason, which has resulted in a high percentage of frivolous lawsuits. As such, finding a civil lawsuit on a background check report can be a red flag for a number of reasons, especially if the lawsuit was filed by the person. That said, it may also mean nothing. However, it’s worth noting the different kinds of civil lawsuits.

^ "Bellwether Settlement For $5.9 Million Given Preliminary Approval For FCRA Class Action Involving Criminal History Information : Workplace Class Action Litigation : Lawyers & Attorneys for Labor & Employment Law Litigation, Counseling, Employee Relations : Seyfarth Shaw LLP". Workplaceclassaction.com. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-17.


What people typically think of as background checks are performed by specialty consumer reporting agencies. Much like your credit report, federal law entitles you to access this information once a year. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) recommends looking at your report before applying for a lease or insurance. Get a report if a job you’ve applied for asks for authorization so you can see if you’ve been a victim of identity theft. Looking at the report gives you the chance to spot errors and dispute them.
The data held by the Gardaí is not openly available to the public. However, section 4 of the Data Protection Act allows individuals to make a formal request in writing to the Garda Criminal Records Office to access personal data held about them. In making this formal request, individuals must provide sufficient information to establish their identity and ensure that the Gardaí is both able to locate their file and make certain that the personal data is being given to the right person. Sufficient information would include: full name, correct date of birth, any other names used, current address and previous addresses in Ireland, a copy of your passport, driving licence or birth certificate and a fee of €6.35.[58]

While a person’s LinkedIn profile isn’t going to tell you about their criminal or civil records, it certainly provides a great deal of information about their background. You can make your own assessment about what is or isn’t a red-flag, such as gaps in work history or information that doesn’t match with what they told you. For example, if you check on someone you met on a dating app, you can confirm where they went to school and where they work before committing to meet them.

With an international background check, the employer can get international criminal records, education, and employment verification. Depending on the information employers need, they may pay for one, two, or all three. Costs vary by service provider, but GoodHire’s pricing for international checks ranges from $14.99 to $59.99, depending on the country.


The subject of an identification record may also submit a request through an FBI-approved channeler, which is a private business that has contracted with the FBI to receive fingerprint submissions and relevant data, collect the associated fee(s), electronically forward the fingerprint submissions with the necessary information to the FBI CJIS Division, and receive the electronic record check results for dissemination to the individual. See www.FBI.gov for the list of FBI-approved channelers.
A background check is a process a person or company uses to verify that a person is who they claim to be, and provides an opportunity for someone to check a person’s criminal record, education, employment history, and other activities that happened in the past in order to confirm their validity. Whether you’re applying for a job, looking for a new apartment, or purchasing a firearm, you may have to undergo a background check.
In Denmark, child sex abuse information is contained in two registers, the National Patient Register and the Criminal Register. The National Patient Register contains all hospital contacts including inpatient, outpatient and emergency department contacts. The Danish National Criminal Register of child sex abuse contains data relating to cases reported to the Danish police. Any sexual relationship with an individual below the age of 15 is prohibited by law as the Danish age of sexual consent is 15. Cases involving child sexual abuse are classified into three different categories according to the type of the offence involved. These groups include incest, sexual offences (physical or attempted physical sexual assault) and indecent exposure.[38]

The Czech Republic took part in the Network of Judicial Registers pilot project, with 10 other countries, exchanging information on criminal records electronically.[31] The criminal record system of the Czech Republic is a computerized system. Criminal record information is maintained at the Criminal Records Office in Prague—which is state-funded and can be found at the offices of the Ministry of Justice.[32]

The CSA has established training materials that ensure users have an understanding of the requirements and policies of the system. This enhances the quality of the information exchanged as well as promotes operational compliance with system guidelines. Additionally, agencies are audited to monitor use and compliance with federal and state regulations. Monthly validations of entries ensure accuracy and validity of the stolen and wanted records that have been entered by the criminal justice agencies.
For each report, we had the subject verify the information about their addresses, phone numbers, emails and relatives was correct. We saw that there was more variation with phone numbers and emails, especially cell numbers. Some of this may be due to how much a person shares on social media, but we noticed some background check companies didn’t include any of this information at all.

The Central Criminal Records Registry is not publicly accessible and therefore very few public agencies and no private agencies have access to it. This has been confirmed by the New Penal Code (1995) Art.136.4. Therefore, the Central Criminal Records Registry is only accessible to judges, public prosecutors and the judicial police for investigative purposes. Other cases where direct access can be granted include: Guardia Civil for gun permits and border control police. Besides judges, prosecutors and some police agencies, only the recorded subject may request a copy of their personal Conviction Record.[91]
Secure Flight, operated by the Transportation Security Administration, screens United States airline passengers to see if they are on terrorism watch lists. Unlike the predecessors Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System (CAPPS) & CAPPS II, Secure Flight does not scan passengers for outstanding warrants nor does Secure Flight use computer algorithms to search for links to flagged terrorists.
Disclaimer: BeenVerified’s mission is to give people easy and affordable access to public record information, but BeenVerified does not provide private investigator services or consumer reports, and is not a consumer reporting agency per the Fair Credit Reporting Act. You may not use our site or service or the information provided to make decisions about employment, admission, consumer credit, insurance, tenant screening or any other purpose that would require FCRA compliance. For more information governing permitted and prohibited uses, please review our “Do’s & Don’ts” and Terms & Conditions.

On 13 September 2004, the National Register of Convictions of the Republic of Lithuania was established.[66] The Departmental Register of Suspected, Accused and Convicted Persons is a central repository of criminal record data and related information in Lithuania. It is administered by the IT and Communications Department of the Lithuanian Ministry of the Interior which was appointed as the processing body in charge of ensuring the proper functioning and data management of the Register.[43]
The Criminal Records Department of the Clerk of Court's office, located in room 2501 of the 19th Judicial District Courthouse at 300 North Boulevard, assists the Criminal Judges in the preparation and processing of criminal cases. The District Attorney's Office and various law enforcement agencies work closely with the Criminal Records Department. These agencies initiate the proceedings that culminate in the prosecution of an individual.
In Canada, criminal records are stored in Criminal Records Information Management Services,[10] a centralized database operated by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police under the Canadian Police Information Centre (CPIC) since 1972.[11] The database includes all convictions for which a pardon has not been granted, all charges regardless of disposition, outstanding warrants and charges, all judicial orders and other information that might be of interest to police investigations.[12]
The Swedish Criminal Records Registry is administered by the Swedish National Police Board which regulates access to criminal records and the use of criminal background checks by employers.[94] The registry contains information on those who have been sentenced in criminal courts or summarily imposed a fine, who have had a restraining order issued against them, or in whose cases prosecution had been abstained from. Generally, the information is kept for five years if the offence was punishable by fine, and ten years if it called for other sentences and sanctions. For those aged under 18 at the time the crime was committed, information is kept for only three or five years depending on the type of punishment.[93]
In the SearchQuarry.com member’s area you will find our “Criminal Records” section, and our arrest records search is in that section. Other criminal records searches include warrant records, court records, sex offenders, inmate records, and jail records. You can search our criminal records database by using a first name, last name, and choosing a state. Other searches available in the member's area include birth records, death records, marriage records, divorce records, driving records, vehicle records, people search, and phone number lookups.
If a Latvian individual needs a certificate of their criminal history, they can electronically request this through www.latvija.lv. They may need this record of their criminal history to submit to employers, study overseas or enter into marriage. This record can only be obtained in person at the Ministry of Interior Information Centre or it can be received through registered mail. Therefore, information about an offender's criminal history is not accessible to all members of the public.[64]
Most background screening providers use third-party vendors to pull and aggregate criminal record data from courthouses. However, Sterling does things differently. With CourtDirect™ – our proprietary fulfillment technology – we have automated direct digital access to 2,300+ US county jurisdictions (or 85% of Sterling’s court records). And we don’t stop there. When automation isn’t available, we have our team of court runners. Court records are collected 39% faster by our court runners than third-party vendors. That’s the power of owning and controlling our channels.

An arrest record appears on a person’s background report when the person’s been apprehended by law enforcement on suspicion of criminal activity. It’s important to note, however, an arrest record is different from a criminal record. The former indicates only that the person was apprehended by law enforcement, but does not indicate guilt. An arrest record can show the person was held for questioning, taken into custody, held for investigation, or charged and tried.
There are 4 levels of standard criminal record checks—levels 1 to 4. Level 1 is the most basic check and level 4 being the most extensive. Criminal record checks can only be done with the consent of the individual.[14] Due to the sensitive nature of CPIC, only police agencies are authorized to conduct a criminal record check, with the exception of BC Ministry of Justice.[15]
To obtain access to a criminal record, an individual must apply directly to the local county police station in person. If the application is approved, results are issued in the form of a Criminal Records Certificate by the Central Inspectorate of the Romanian Police. Only the individual person is allowed to apply for their own record; however, a third-party individual may submit an application only if they have been authorised power of attorney. Judgements are able to be removed from an individual's criminal record if the legislation decriminalising the act for which the person has been sentenced is passed, in the event of amnesty or court rehabilitation, and for imprisonment of up to 3 years after 20 years from the date of the final decision.[8]
All states have official "statewide repositories" of criminal history information that include information contributed by the various county and municipal courts and law enforcement agencies within the state.[101] State repositories are usually accurate, but all states have provisions for the correction of errors that occur in the reporting and recording of criminal history information. Individuals may normally obtain their own records from the state, but to obtain the records of another person, a private individual will normally need to obtain a release from the subject of the record search.[102]
The Polish Ministry for Justice administers the National Criminal Register (KRK), and it is regulated by the Act on the National Criminal Register 2000 and the Act on the Protection of Personal Data 1997 (The Act).[83] The Act states that personal data is protected and can only be used for the public interest. Article 7(1) further states that data is only accessible to persons who fit certain criteria. Data can only be transferred to other entities, such as other law enforcement agencies, if their data protection meets the same standards, and if it is necessary for the public interest, or for the establishment of a legal claim (Article 47(4)).[83]
Each criminal record certificate has two components: the first regarding the individuation of the person and the second consisting of the content of the person's prior criminal acts. Every certificate must contain: information concerning the person's identity including the paternal surname and if they are married, and the final judgement/s passed down by a court. Specifically, Article 574.2 CCrP states that certificates must record:
Embezzlement is a crime with different motivations than other crimes, according to a Hiscox Study on embezzlement. Perpetrators are often trusted, long-time employees who came into tough times, such as a sick family member. It typically starts out with small amounts, but as they go uncaught, the amount of damage an embezzler can do to a company is dramatic. According to the study, the average loss a business absorbs over the lifespan of an embezzlement is $807,443.
A National Criminal Background Check includes county court and sex offender registries; state Administrative Office of Courts, Department of Correction, Department of Public Safety, federal Office of Foreign Asset Control/Terrorist Database (OFAC), FBI Most Wanted, US Marshals, DEA, ATF, US Secret Service and America’s Most Wanted records revealing felony, misdemeanor, sex offender, inmate, probation, and other state and county criminal offense records nationwide.
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