The legal system is complex. Free Public Arrest Records are broken down into specific categories. Driving, Theft, Assault, Arrest, Inmate, Immigration, Sex Offender Records are some examples. All of these are public records and are open to public access and review. Investigative work or background checks normally include criminal records in one way or another. Hence, it would be good for police work, neighborhood watch or perhaps for social background checks.


It may or may not shock you to learn that recordkeeping isn’t perfect. Checkr has decided to give job seekers a window into their records primarily to help them detect any inaccuracies and have them changed. In some markets, Checkr will be able to connect people with a free service, Clear My Record, to see if they qualify for a reduction or dismissal. That process requires submitting an application to attorneys, as well as an approximately four-week waiting period to hear about results or next steps.
All the information included in the background reports sold by these services is public information. You could, if you had the time and patience, find the information on your own. This is the value background check services provide – they do the legwork for you by using web-scraping software to mine public data or by purchasing information in bulk from companies, like Facebook and Twitter, who require users to agree to terms allowing the company to sell their information. Once the services have the public information, they collate it into a report for easy reading.  

In order to obtain a criminal record check in Denmark an individual or third party (with written consent) can apply in person at a local police station or by way of email to the National Police Authority. Available languages for the certificate include English, German, Danish, French and Spanish where there are no convictions. When there are convictions, the only available language for the certificate is Danish. The certificate is issue free of charge and the turnaround ranges from immediate access to 2 days.[36] Denmark does not allow the transfer of criminal records to foreign authorities or to the Europol database for storage.[37]
The amount of information included on a background check depends to a large degree on the sensitivity of the reason for which it is conducted—e.g., somebody seeking employment at a minimum wage job would be subject to far fewer requirements than somebody applying to work for a law enforcement agency such as the FBI or jobs related to national security.
Criminal records may be used for many purposes, including for background checks for purposes of employment, security clearance, adoption, immigration to the United States, and licensing. Criminal records may be useful for identifying suspects within the course of a criminal investigation. They may be used for enhanced sentencing in criminal prosecutions.
In Hong Kong, criminal records are maintained by the Hong Kong Police Force. Unlike other countries listed on this article, Hong Kong authorities do not allow for access to criminal records by employers or school purposes. The Chief Executive of Hong Kong has the sole power to pardon offences committed in Hong Kong under section 12 of article 48 Basic Law of Hong Kong. "The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise the following powers and functions... To pardon persons convicted of criminal offences or commute their penalties".

If an individual has pleaded guilty or been found guilty of a sexual crime, they are required to register as a sex offender. This database is maintained by the U.S. Department of Justice and it’s completely free to use. If you don’t know the person’s name, like a new neighbor, you can even enter your address and see if there are sex offenders living within three miles.


There are a variety of types of investigative searches that can be used by potential employers. Many commercial sites will offer specific searches to employers for a fee. Services like these will actually perform the checks, supply the company with adverse action letters, and ensure compliance throughout the process. It is important to be selective about which pre-employment screening agency one uses. A legitimate company will be happy to explain the process. Many employers choose to search the most common records such as criminal records, driving records, and education verification. Other searches such as sex offender registry, credential verification, skills assessment, reference checks, credit reports and Patriot Act searches are becoming increasingly common. Employers should consider the position in question when determining which types of searches to include, and should always use the same searches for every applicant being considered for one.
The goal of the system is to compile the most accurate, up-to-date, and comprehensive arrest and disposition information for arrested persons and to make this information accessible to all criminal justice agencies. Criminal history information is a valuable tool for law enforcement, the courts, and corrections. Law enforcement agencies have the capability to make inquiries of this system electronically through the Louisiana Law Enforcement Message Switch (LEMS).
An individual requiring an apostille or authenticated copy of his/her FBI Identification Record, or any non-U.S. national or permanent resident who wishes to request his/her FBI Identification Record must submit a request directly to the FBI CJIS Division. The U.S. Department of State Authentications Office may then place an apostille document for use in a country that is party to the Hague Apostille Convention. For countries not party to the Hague Apostille Convention, the U.S. Department of State Authentication Office will place a certification over the FBI seal.

The data held by the Gardaí is not openly available to the public. However, section 4 of the Data Protection Act allows individuals to make a formal request in writing to the Garda Criminal Records Office to access personal data held about them. In making this formal request, individuals must provide sufficient information to establish their identity and ensure that the Gardaí is both able to locate their file and make certain that the personal data is being given to the right person. Sufficient information would include: full name, correct date of birth, any other names used, current address and previous addresses in Ireland, a copy of your passport, driving licence or birth certificate and a fee of €6.35.[58]


In accordance with Latvian law, most criminal records are terminated after several years. The amount of time for this to occur is dependent on the nature and scope of the legal sanction for that crime. These cancelled records are still held in Information Centre records, and are readily available if the individual involved authorises the disclosure of the entire record.[65]
What people typically think of as background checks are performed by specialty consumer reporting agencies. Much like your credit report, federal law entitles you to access this information once a year. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) recommends looking at your report before applying for a lease or insurance. Get a report if a job you’ve applied for asks for authorization so you can see if you’ve been a victim of identity theft. Looking at the report gives you the chance to spot errors and dispute them.
Finnish criminal record checks can come in different forms by way of different types of certificates. An Extract from the Criminal Record can be applied for only by individuals. Commonly issued for those whom have regular contact with children, it contains information that is relevant to the specific type of employment. Another type of certificate which is issued for visa, work or permit applications is the Criminal Record Extract for a Visa Application. The final type of certificate is the Security Clearance Check whereby companies within the UK who have a branch office in Finland can apply for security clearance checks on prospective employees. Three levels of check are provided (limited, basic and extended). Individuals cannot apply for this certificate and certain conditions must first be met by employers before applying to the Finnish Police, including obtaining the written consent from the individual before application.[35]
An arrest record appears on a person’s background report when the person’s been apprehended by law enforcement on suspicion of criminal activity. It’s important to note, however, an arrest record is different from a criminal record. The former indicates only that the person was apprehended by law enforcement, but does not indicate guilt. An arrest record can show the person was held for questioning, taken into custody, held for investigation, or charged and tried.
If a Latvian individual needs a certificate of their criminal history, they can electronically request this through www.latvija.lv. They may need this record of their criminal history to submit to employers, study overseas or enter into marriage. This record can only be obtained in person at the Ministry of Interior Information Centre or it can be received through registered mail. Therefore, information about an offender's criminal history is not accessible to all members of the public.[64]
In the event that the name and date of birth of the applicant matches any sexual offence record in the system, he/she is required to submit fingerprints to the RCMP for a physical confirmation.[17] Criminal record check is an integral part of the process for obtaining security clearances regardless of level of access. Some provinces may require high-risk professions to be screened to ensure public safety. For example, the BC Ministry of Justice requires all healthcare professionals, practicum students in healthcare, childcare facilities staff and volunteers, school and hospital staff regardless of position to undergo a CRC via the Criminal Records Review Program.[15] Many Canadian universities require a Criminal Records Check or other screening procedure (e.g. Child Abuse Registry Check, Vulnerable Sector Screen) as a condition of admission into its programs.[18][19]

The Traffic Records Unit is the central processing location for all accidents handled by Louisiana Department of Public Safety and State Police. The reports are processed by scanning the document into an "image" file and indexing it to allow electronic retrieval. Requests are received from the public, insurance companies, and attorneys for copies of the reports. These copies are available online at www.lsp.org and at each Troop.
DISCLAIMER: You may not use our service or the information it provides to make decisions about consumer credit, employment, insurance, tenant screening, or any other purpose that would require Fair Credit and Reporting Act (FCRA) compliance. GoLookUp does not provide consumer reports and is not a consumer reporting agency. (These terms have special meanings under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC 1681 et seq., ("FCRA"), which are incorporated herein by reference.) The information available on our website may not be 100% accurate, complete, or up to date, so do not use it as a substitute for your own due diligence, especially if you have concerns about a person's criminal history. GoLookUp does not make any representation or warranty about the accuracy of the information available through our website or about the character or integrity of the person about whom you inquire. For more information, please review GoLookup Terms of Use.
The answer to this question depends on which state actually filed the charges. Some states automatically delete and destroy any arrest records on individuals who were not convicted of a charge following an arrest. Sometimes individuals are detained but never officially arrested, usually due to the fact that the officer could not find probable cause after an investigation. In most instances, individuals are not detained unless an officer thinks they can find probable cause through a warrant or if they believe the individual has crucial information regarding a crime. Even persons who have knowledge of a crime can be suspected of involvement as an accomplice. Law enforcement officials regularly use this option to file charges and arrest the suspected informant, even when the chance they would be acquitted is high. And, sometimes this involvement will at least generate an arrest record.
The data held by the Gardaí is not openly available to the public. However, section 4 of the Data Protection Act allows individuals to make a formal request in writing to the Garda Criminal Records Office to access personal data held about them. In making this formal request, individuals must provide sufficient information to establish their identity and ensure that the Gardaí is both able to locate their file and make certain that the personal data is being given to the right person. Sufficient information would include: full name, correct date of birth, any other names used, current address and previous addresses in Ireland, a copy of your passport, driving licence or birth certificate and a fee of €6.35.[58]

In the event that the name and date of birth of the applicant matches any sexual offence record in the system, he/she is required to submit fingerprints to the RCMP for a physical confirmation.[17] Criminal record check is an integral part of the process for obtaining security clearances regardless of level of access. Some provinces may require high-risk professions to be screened to ensure public safety. For example, the BC Ministry of Justice requires all healthcare professionals, practicum students in healthcare, childcare facilities staff and volunteers, school and hospital staff regardless of position to undergo a CRC via the Criminal Records Review Program.[15] Many Canadian universities require a Criminal Records Check or other screening procedure (e.g. Child Abuse Registry Check, Vulnerable Sector Screen) as a condition of admission into its programs.[18][19]


The CSA has established training materials that ensure users have an understanding of the requirements and policies of the system. This enhances the quality of the information exchanged as well as promotes operational compliance with system guidelines. Additionally, agencies are audited to monitor use and compliance with federal and state regulations. Monthly validations of entries ensure accuracy and validity of the stolen and wanted records that have been entered by the criminal justice agencies.
In the United States, you can file a lawsuit for just about any reason, which has resulted in a high percentage of frivolous lawsuits. As such, finding a civil lawsuit on a background check report can be a red flag for a number of reasons, especially if the lawsuit was filed by the person. That said, it may also mean nothing. However, it’s worth noting the different kinds of civil lawsuits.

This is Chicago Police Department official website for searching arrest records. This site is made available for the use and benefit of law enforcement partners, news media, and members of the public to search Chicago Police public arrest records including Name, Mugshot, Age, Address, Central Booking Number, Charges, Arrest Date/Time, Arrest Location, Date Time Released from Chicago Police Facility, Bond Type/Amount/Date, and the geographic police area/district/beat.
In fact, the service’s reports provide many of the basic pieces of information a background check should, including relatives, addresses, criminal history, court judgements, bankruptcies and assets. In addition, Intelius is one of the few background check services that lists educational history in its reports. This gives you another data point to use to get ahold of someone you’ve lost touch with. Intelius’ reports are easy to read and have a unique spider graph that shows how your subject is connected to relatives, jobs and other parts of their life. A background check through Intelius costs $49.95, which is the highest price we saw, though the company shares that distinction with several other services. A monthly subscription costs $29.95 and may be a better option. However, you need to remember to cancel your subscription when you are done using it. You can purchase a people search report, which doesn’t include information about criminal history and other legal matters, for $3.95. One of Intelius’ drawbacks is you can’t download the reports you purchase.

A chapter 11 bankruptcy is filed when the individual or business wants to reorganize debt. This is most common with businesses, as it allows them to repay debts (under the supervision of a court) in such a way to allow the business to continue operating. It requires the business to develop a profitability plan, show cost cutting measures and show how they are increasing revenue. If an individual files a chapter 11, they are most likely an owner of a small business.


It is important to note that the information provided by the Interstate Information Index may come from the agency who "booked" the individual and not necessarily the agency who arrested the individual. Therefore, there may be discrepancies between the arrest date, location, and arresting agency listed in the database and the actual date, location, and agency who made the arrest. The Interstate Information Index may also contain incarceration information as well, listing each time an inmate is transferred from one correctional institution to another as a separate "arrest." The Interstate Information Index is only as accurate as the information reported to it by individual agencies, and frequently lacks comprehensive information on the dispositions of the various arrests it lists. It is best used as a guide on where to find more comprehensive information on the individual.
State criminal histories are maintained by government agencies, most often by law enforcement agencies.[1] In addition to statewide records, local police departments, sheriffs' offices, and specialty police agencies may maintain their own internal databases. Records are also maintained by state departments of correction, in relation to offenders who have been sentenced to prison or a similar disposition that falls under their jurisdiction. Law enforcement agencies often share criminal history information with other enforcement agencies, and criminal history information is normally also available to the public.[2]
Eviction records are considered public record and are typically included in a credit report, making it difficult to find an apartment or home if you’ve ever been evicted. If you have been evicted, Instant Checkmate recommends building up a list of references and looking for landlords and complexes that don’t require background or credit checks. The service also recommends reaching out to the landlord who evicted you to ask if they’d be willing to remove the eviction from your credit report if you pay any remaining past-due fees and rent.  
Private prisons are prisons that are owned and operated by private companies in the United States. Prison privatization began because governments across the United States needed additional prison capacity they did not have. To choose the company that will run a certain prison, bids are held and the company with the most desirable bid wins. The company that gets chosen is in charge of taking over the daily operations of the prison, such as providing prisoners with supplies, hiring staff, providing prisoners with mandated programs, etc. As of 2018, private prisons in the United States house over 120,000 inmates – about 8% of the total prison population in the country.
Many background check website services advertise their background check, court records, and other services as free services. However, to compile an arrest record report or any other background check report for that manner, costs money. There is always a free when you pull an arrest record report. The search may be free, but in order to pull a complete report, you will have to sign up for a membership. Arrest Records can be obtained for free on your own, but requires a lot of work to find the appropriate court records, or arrest records you are looking for. Arrest records can show up on background check reports when you perform a people search or a background check on someone. Convictions, felonies and other related court documents may also show up on a background check report, but this varies from person to person.

Work history is another good data point to use to find someone you’ve lost track of. It can also be helpful if you need to reconstruct your own work history as you write your resume. BeenVerified reports have accurate information, though is some cases you may have to purchase add-ons – for example, if you want information about property or other legal matters. You need to pay for a subscription to get background checks. This costs around $27 a month, and you pay an additional $2.99 to download the report.
Mandated by the Brady Bill, the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) is used by the FBI to screen potential firearms buyers. Citizens who are currently ineligible to own a firearm under current laws may have the opportunity to have their firearms rights restored. Eligibility largely depends on state laws. In addition to searching the NCIC databases, NICS maintains its own index to search for additional disqualifiers from gun ownership. Private companies are not allowed access to this system for background checks.
Checkr is one of many companies building technology to help consumers review their data. In the wake of the Facebook Cambridge Analytica scandal in March, the social media platform rolled out a step-by-step guide to help users download and delete their user data. In June, blockchain-based startup Hu-manity.co, which is working to give people access to and control of their medical records, launched a campaign to add a 31st human right to the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights: “Everyone has the right to legal ownership of their inherent human data as property.”
France has a sex offenders registry but unlike systems such as the United States, does not allow the public to access information regarding the information of cases and individuals who have been convicted of sex crimes, nor does France require the community to be notified of the presence of a sex offender in their neighbourhood as is obligatory in some other countries.[44]

Captain Denise Boudreaux serves as the supervisor for the Crime Analysis Division and for the Criminal/Traffic Records Division. She has been employed with the Sheriff's Office for the past 12 years. Prior to her current position she served as Administrative Assistant to the Commander at Kleinpeter Substation for seven years and then moved to Crime Analysis. The Criminal/Traffic Records Division enters document information on a data input computer terminal system to process and distribute reports to various law enforcement agencies and the general public according to office policy. In addition, the division checks, sorts, corrects forms, records and documents all files. The Crime Analysis Division is responsible for coding, counting and reporting UCR Statistics (Uniform Crime Reporting) to the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigations). UCR is the combination of all reporting agencies crime in the United States and will be published by the FBI yearly nationwide on the crime rates in the US.

Depending on what you need it for, how much information you need and how many reports you need, a background check can cost as little as $19.95 or as much as $49.95. Most services we reviewed let you purchase single reports. However, signing up for a subscription can save you money because you get many reports for one monthly cost. Subscriptions range from $19.95 to around $35 per month, though some services charge additional fees for information like social media and addresses. These additional fees range from $5 to $10.


Many courts haven’t digitized their criminal records yet, which means they aren’t available online. If the information is not online, then background check services can’t use web scraping software to collect criminal records from the court. In these instances, some services have a court runner service where they send a person to the courthouse to physically pull the public files. This person is a court runner, trained on digging through files and retrieving information.

In Ireland, criminal convictions remain on the criminal record system for life if the offence was committed after the individual turned 18, as there are currently no legislative provisions which provide for the expungement of criminal convictions. Ireland remains the only country in the EU and one of the only countries in the Council of Europe area to not have such legislation.[59]
Under Article 86, criminal record data may be given only to courts and state attorney's offices when a criminal case is brought against the person. Governmental bodies can access this data upon a reasonable request and must be related to specific tasks in public service to be entrusted to the person for whom such information is requested. The police can also gain access with the intention of discovering the perpetrator of a criminal act. Other members of the general public do not have the right to demand that citizens submit records concerning their convictions. A citizen retains the right to access data from their own criminal record, only under the condition that the purpose is to exercise his rights in another state.[27]
The subject of an identification record may also submit a request through an FBI-approved channeler, which is a private business that has contracted with the FBI to receive fingerprint submissions and relevant data, collect the associated fee(s), electronically forward the fingerprint submissions with the necessary information to the FBI CJIS Division, and receive the electronic record check results for dissemination to the individual. See www.FBI.gov for the list of FBI-approved channelers.
To learn about a person’s criminal history, you can request a criminal record check be performed. Massachusetts has 2 types of criminal records. Name-based court arraignment records, also known as CORI, are created and maintained by the Massachusetts courts. Fingerprint-supported arrest records, which are created by police departments at the time of arrest, can contain information about both state and national arrests.
In no event shall the Sarasota County Sheriff's Office be liable for any special, incidental, indirect or consequential damages or any other damages whatsoever, including without limitation, any loss of use, lost data, or lost profits or opportunity, or punitive damages, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tort action, arising out of or in connection with the accuracy, use, or performance of the information, and/or downloadable files and/or software on this website.
The Applicant Team conducts fingerprint based state and federal criminal history background checks for agencies authorized under ARS 41-1750(G) and Public Law 92-544 to receive the information. Agencies submitting applicant prints must have an FBI approved city, town, or county ordinance, tribal resolution or state statute mandating the criminal history records check. For more information you can contact the Applicant Team at (602) 223-2223. 

Many background check website services advertise their background check, court records, and other services as free services. However, to compile an arrest record report or any other background check report for that manner, costs money. There is always a free when you pull an arrest record report. The search may be free, but in order to pull a complete report, you will have to sign up for a membership. Arrest Records can be obtained for free on your own, but requires a lot of work to find the appropriate court records, or arrest records you are looking for. Arrest records can show up on background check reports when you perform a people search or a background check on someone. Convictions, felonies and other related court documents may also show up on a background check report, but this varies from person to person.
In the United Kingdom, checks on a person's criminal record are undertaken by the Disclosure and Barring Service (in England and Wales), Disclosure Scotland (Scotland and basic Disclosure for all the UK) and Access Northern Ireland, all of which have partial access to the Police National Computer (PNC) which holds the definitive record. The ACPO criminal records office was founded in 2006, and it has the role of managing criminal record information and improving links between criminal records and biometric information.[97] These records are not publicly accessible and cannot be viewed without the subject's consent, although in some cases an employer might make such consent a condition of employment, especially if the employee is to work with children or other vulnerable people. The child sex offenders disclosure scheme allows parents and guardians to ask the police if someone with access to a child has a record for child sexual offences.[98]
Also, the NDR records information concerning convictions of driving under the influence of alcohol or controlled substances, failing to render aid at an accident involving death or injury, and knowingly making a false affidavit or committing perjury to officials about an activity governed by a law or regulation on the operation of a motor vehicle. Additionally, the NDR contains information on traffic violations resulting from a fatal automobile accident.
A person can obtain a copy of their criminal history from the National Criminal Register, by contacting the central information office of the KRK in Warsaw, or information points of the KRK located within Polish common courts.[84] In order to receive a copy of your criminal record, you must complete a form, stating the reasons for your request, and pay a fee (in July 2018: 20PLN for a digital copy, or 30PLN for a paper copy). An employer may also apply directly for disclosure in relation to a prospective employee if this is permitted under Polish laws or regulations (for example, in relation to employment in the security industry or employment involving contact with children). The written consent of the individual is not required.
France has a sex offenders registry but unlike systems such as the United States, does not allow the public to access information regarding the information of cases and individuals who have been convicted of sex crimes, nor does France require the community to be notified of the presence of a sex offender in their neighbourhood as is obligatory in some other countries.[44]
The conviction rate in the United States is nearly 99.8% with numbers varying from state to state. The high conviction rate comes from defendants pleading guilty to the charges brought against them, which results in reduced sentences. The great majority of defendants do not go to trial, and most of those who do, end up getting convicted for the crimes attributed to them.
Louisiana Department of Corrections is responsible for obtaining and supplying the information necessary for the registration of sex offenders. This information is forwarded to the bureau and placed on the web site. This web site is accessible by both the public and law enforcement. The web site assists the public in determining the proximity of convicted sex offenders to various areas in their community. It provides an updated photograph in conjunction with registration and conviction information. The public can also ask questions about the Registry via e-mail or by calling a toll free number linked directly to Registry personnel.
Due to the sensitivity of the information contained in consumer reports and certain records, there are a variety of important laws regulating the dissemination and legal use of this information. Most notably, the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) regulates the use of consumer reports (which it defines as information collected and reported by third party agencies) as it pertains to adverse decisions, notification to the applicant, and destruction and safekeeping of records.
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