What people typically think of as background checks are performed by specialty consumer reporting agencies. Much like your credit report, federal law entitles you to access this information once a year. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) recommends looking at your report before applying for a lease or insurance. Get a report if a job you’ve applied for asks for authorization so you can see if you’ve been a victim of identity theft. Looking at the report gives you the chance to spot errors and dispute them.
Pre-employment screening refers to the process of investigating the backgrounds of potential employees and is commonly used to verify the accuracy of an applicant's claims as well as to discover any possible criminal history, workers compensation claims, or employer sanctions. For example, CBC News of Canada reported that fraud in the workplace cost Canadian Businesses over $3.2 Billion in 2011.[6]
Criminal records are not purged regardless of time or seriousness of the case.[49] However, under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Ordinance (HK Laws. Chap 297), a criminal record is considered 'spent' if it was the first criminal offence, sentenced to less than 3 months in jail or fined less than $10,000 and a period of 3 years has elapsed since conviction and no new conviction is registered against the said person.[50] Spent records are recorded as such with the exception to:
Unlike the handwritten criminal records of the past, nowadays these types of files are kept in computer databases. All police agencies that make arrests keep a record of them in their computer database. In addition to the police databases, each state keeps information on arrests and convictions in repositories according to their own guidelines. Under the Freedom of Information Act (FIOS), US residents can view their criminal records that become public records after they are documented.
In Broken Records, a report on the problems with background checks, the National Consumer Law Center reported that Samuel M. Jackson was allegedly denied employment based on a felony conviction. However, according to the background check, the felony occurred when Jackson was just four years old. In truth, the report misattributed the crime because his name was similar to the actual felon's. Such inaccuracies, according the report, are widespread with background check services because of an “industry-wide lack of accountability” and incentive to “cut corners” in how they collect and attribute information.   
Disclaimer: BeenVerified’s mission is to give people easy and affordable access to public record information, but BeenVerified does not provide private investigator services or consumer reports, and is not a consumer reporting agency per the Fair Credit Reporting Act. You may not use our site or service or the information provided to make decisions about employment, admission, consumer credit, insurance, tenant screening or any other purpose that would require FCRA compliance. For more information governing permitted and prohibited uses, please review our “Do’s & Don’ts” and Terms & Conditions.

All the information included in the background reports sold by these services is public information. You could, if you had the time and patience, find the information on your own. This is the value background check services provide – they do the legwork for you by using web-scraping software to mine public data or by purchasing information in bulk from companies, like Facebook and Twitter, who require users to agree to terms allowing the company to sell their information. Once the services have the public information, they collate it into a report for easy reading. 
While there are many types of liens, each lien is either consensual or non-consensual. A consensual lien is determined through a contract agreement between the lien holder and the lienee. For example, a mortgage is a consensual lien between you and a bank. If you fail to pay the lien, the bank takes ownership of your home. An involuntary lien is one where the lien was created by law and not a contract. These include attorney, demolition, judgement, HOA, maritime, mechanics’, tax and weed (yard maintenance) liens.
A background check that reveals arrest records is often performed by employers who wish to know if prospective employees have criminal records. There are many jobs that a criminal record can prevent you from getting, such as banking, nursing, truck driving and more. In some places, a criminal record will prevent you from leaving your country to travel abroad.

France has a sex offenders registry but unlike systems such as the United States, does not allow the public to access information regarding the information of cases and individuals who have been convicted of sex crimes, nor does France require the community to be notified of the presence of a sex offender in their neighbourhood as is obligatory in some other countries.[44]


Checkr is one of many companies building technology to help consumers review their data. In the wake of the Facebook Cambridge Analytica scandal in March, the social media platform rolled out a step-by-step guide to help users download and delete their user data. In June, blockchain-based startup Hu-manity.co, which is working to give people access to and control of their medical records, launched a campaign to add a 31st human right to the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights: “Everyone has the right to legal ownership of their inherent human data as property.”
The Fair Credit and Reporting Act disclaimers are posted on each of these service’s websites and state you cannot use the information to screen applicants for your business, but there is no process to ensure you follow the law or the accuracy of the background check information. And, as the NCLC’s report argues, this hurts your business, not just because it's illegal but because you could lose valuable applicants based on inaccurate information. Following background check procedures laid out in the FCRA helps protect your business. It requires you do the following:
The federal gun background check process isn’t required, however, for sales within state lines by an unlicensed seller, including private-party transactions. Thirty-two states allow gun transfers between unlicensed individuals without a background check and the remaining 18 states and DC place restrictions on private gun sales, requiring a federally licensed dealer (FFL) to run a background check before a transfer can be completed.
If a Latvian individual needs a certificate of their criminal history, they can electronically request this through www.latvija.lv. They may need this record of their criminal history to submit to employers, study overseas or enter into marriage. This record can only be obtained in person at the Ministry of Interior Information Centre or it can be received through registered mail. Therefore, information about an offender's criminal history is not accessible to all members of the public.[64]
In Germany, a criminal record certificate (Führungszeugnis) is issued by the Federal Office of Justice (Germany) [de] (Bundesamt für Justiz). Germany has a criminal record system holding all the information regarding past offences and sentences. The information is maintained by the Federal Central Criminal Register (Bundeszentralregister), which is in turn subordinate to the Federal Ministry of Justice.[47] The registry is updated daily and holds information on approximately 6.3 million individuals.

Print out the Application to Obtain copy of State Summary Criminal History Record (Form BCIA 8705, pdf) and follow the instructions on the form. A Spanish version of this form is also available (Form BCIA 8705S, pdf). Please contact your local law enforcement agency for fingerprinting services. PLEASE NOTE: Your fingerprint card must contain your full name, date of birth, sex and return mailing address. If you are having difficulty in obtaining a blank fingerprint card, please contact the Record Review Unit at (916) 227-3849.

Private nuisance lawsuits are between two private citizens, where one believes the other is interfering with the enjoyment of property or quality of life. For example, if your neighbor doesn’t take care of his yard and the weeds and bushes are a nuisance, you can file a private nuisance lawsuit to get a court judgement requiring him to take care of his yard.  


Criminal history information is generally available to the public, and criminal history information for a specific state can typically be obtained from the state agency that maintains the record. States normally charge a fee for a copy of a person's criminal history. Private individuals can typically obtain copies of their own records, but may need a release in order to obtain the record of another person.
In the United States, any person, including a private investigator, criminal research or background check company, may go to a county courthouse and search an index of criminal records by name and date of birth or have a county clerk search for records on an individual. Such a search may produce information about criminal and non-criminal charges that do not otherwise appear on a state criminal history abstract.
In Lithuania, judgments will be removed from the Register immediately after the completion of the sentence, depending on the seriousness of the sentence. For high-risk recidivists (10 years from completion of sentence), very serious offences (8 years), serious offences (5 years), less serious offences (3 years), suspended sentences (immediately on completion of sentence). In cases of minors, convictions incurring custodial sentences remain unspent for half the period of time stated above.[43]
Print out the Application to Obtain copy of State Summary Criminal History Record (Form BCIA 8705, pdf) and follow the instructions on the form. A Spanish version of this form is also available (Form BCIA 8705S, pdf). Please contact your local law enforcement agency for fingerprinting services. PLEASE NOTE: Your fingerprint card must contain your full name, date of birth, sex and return mailing address. If you are having difficulty in obtaining a blank fingerprint card, please contact the Record Review Unit at (916) 227-3849.
Work history is another good data point to use to find someone you’ve lost track of. It can also be helpful if you need to reconstruct your own work history as you write your resume. BeenVerified reports have accurate information, though is some cases you may have to purchase add-ons – for example, if you want information about property or other legal matters. You need to pay for a subscription to get background checks. This costs around $27 a month, and you pay an additional $2.99 to download the report.
A credit background check is a record of a person’s credit-to-debt ratio and shows how someone has managed credit and bill payments in the past. Also called a credit report, it’s a standard requirement when applying for a car or home loan, credit card, or any other type of loan. Many landlords also check credit reports to verify whether a person applying to rent property has a history of good credit and may be more likely to pay rent on time.

While there are many types of liens, each lien is either consensual or non-consensual. A consensual lien is determined through a contract agreement between the lien holder and the lienee. For example, a mortgage is a consensual lien between you and a bank. If you fail to pay the lien, the bank takes ownership of your home. An involuntary lien is one where the lien was created by law and not a contract. These include attorney, demolition, judgement, HOA, maritime, mechanics’, tax and weed (yard maintenance) liens.
The Fair Credit and Reporting Act disclaimers are posted on each of these service’s websites and state you cannot use the information to screen applicants for your business, but there is no process to ensure you follow the law or the accuracy of the background check information. And, as the NCLC’s report argues, this hurts your business, not just because it's illegal but because you could lose valuable applicants based on inaccurate information. Following background check procedures laid out in the FCRA helps protect your business. It requires you do the following:
It is important to note that the information provided by the Interstate Information Index may come from the agency who "booked" the individual and not necessarily the agency who arrested the individual. Therefore, there may be discrepancies between the arrest date, location, and arresting agency listed in the database and the actual date, location, and agency who made the arrest. The Interstate Information Index may also contain incarceration information as well, listing each time an inmate is transferred from one correctional institution to another as a separate "arrest." The Interstate Information Index is only as accurate as the information reported to it by individual agencies, and frequently lacks comprehensive information on the dispositions of the various arrests it lists. It is best used as a guide on where to find more comprehensive information on the individual.
Most prisons in the United States adhere to a daily routine the prisoners have to follow: morning alarm followed by breakfast, breaktime/work time, prayer time, time for prison and state programs, lunch, time off/work time, dinner and lights out. Each prison decides in which times during the day prisoners will perform the schedule above in accordance to the facility's security level, population and needs.
In Belgium, there is a national central criminal record system which records, keeps and modifies data related to penal decisions. The criminal record system is maintained by the Federal Public Service Justice.[5] The criminal records held within the central system contain the following data: criminal record number; name, surname and given name; date and place of birth; gender; residence; profession; nationality; court; number of judges; degree of jurisdiction; reference, number and date of judgement; date of transmission to central criminal record; sentence pronounced, place and date of the criminal acts.[6] The central system contains records of
Believe it or not, almost all of this information is public record by law, and is available to anyone who is willing to make the effort to search for it. Some jurisdictions make it incredibly simple, and have dedicated web portals that allow you to search. Others are stuck in the paper age, and often require an on site search in the county courthouse. This can be done by using a “court runner”, as well.
There is a centralised criminal record system, there is only one centralised database where the final criminal conviction issued by a Slovak criminal court is registered. This database is in electronic form and is maintained a unit within the General Prosecutors office of the Slovak Republic. The relevant legislation for this is governed by the Act on Criminal Records.[87] As of 2008 there was a proposed bill that these criminal records could only be accessed by request to the General Prosecutors office when the person in question was up for a position which required a clean criminal record. Certain criminal records are not accessible at any time for instance the criminal record/record details of the President of the Republic of Slovakia are not available to anyone during his/her time in office.[88] The criminal records and persona details of everyone held by the General Prosecutors office are lifelong, and continue to be updated throughout their life, every time they move address/change name etc.
Some states will allow the record of an arrest to remain on a criminal history until the defendant can petition the court for concealment. This is a standard legal procedure, also known as "expunging" the record. All records for an arrest that do not lead to a conviction are eligible for expungement, and sometimes even the conviction record itself can be expunged when the case qualifies according to state rules. Expungements cannot be applied over an entire arrest history, even when an individual has been arrested but not convicted on multiple occasions. Each charge or arrest record must be evaluated individually. And remember, even sealed records can be viewed by state officials and staff in certain government agencies. The rules can be tricky, and it is usually vital to have an experienced criminal defense attorney handling any expungement request because of the chance for denial by the court. 
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