There is a difference between background checks and criminal history reports. Background checks can include every legal action by an individual, such as getting married or divorced and filing bankruptcy. If there has been an action involving a court, then there is an activity record on file. Criminal records are usually termed as a criminal history and will list any interaction with law officials from the very beginning of an investigation. Even a police report can list specific names. However, these records are not necessarily reported instances and will not show up on a criminal history report unless an arrest was processed. Arrest records are considered criminal reports and will be included in any criminal history unless the record has been sealed from public availability by a judge. 
Requirements for expungement vary by state. For example, Utah’s expungement laws require you to pay all fines, fees, restitutions and interest related to the crime, but there is a long list of offenses that cannot be expunged, such as violent felonies, first degree felonies and sex offenses. The state also has a complicated list of other reasons for denying expungement, most of which involve felony and misdemeanor convictions showing a pattern of criminal activity. 
To obtain access to a criminal record, an individual must apply directly to the local county police station in person. If the application is approved, results are issued in the form of a Criminal Records Certificate by the Central Inspectorate of the Romanian Police. Only the individual person is allowed to apply for their own record; however, a third-party individual may submit an application only if they have been authorised power of attorney. Judgements are able to be removed from an individual's criminal record if the legislation decriminalising the act for which the person has been sentenced is passed, in the event of amnesty or court rehabilitation, and for imprisonment of up to 3 years after 20 years from the date of the final decision.[8]
A background check is a process a person or company uses to verify that a person is who they claim to be, and provides an opportunity for someone to check a person’s criminal record, education, employment history, and other activities that happened in the past in order to confirm their validity. Whether you’re applying for a job, looking for a new apartment, or purchasing a firearm, you may have to undergo a background check.
The Bulgarian Penal Code allows the removal of conviction data for individuals, known as the 'rehabilitation of individuals'. This can be awarded by a court of law given that the individual has demonstrated good conduct, and has compensated any damages. A second type of rehabilitation is known as rehabilitation de jure which enacts new legislation. This can occur if the individually has been sentenced conditionally, the individual has been sentenced to up to three years' imprisonment and has not committed any other crimes punishable by imprisonment, the individual was sentenced to a fine, public reprimand or deprivation of civil rights, and they have not committed another crime the year following. Additionally, judgments are removed from a criminal record after the sentence has been served and the following time has elapsed:
The answer to this question depends on which state actually filed the charges. Some states automatically delete and destroy any arrest records on individuals who were not convicted of a charge following an arrest. Sometimes individuals are detained but never officially arrested, usually due to the fact that the officer could not find probable cause after an investigation. In most instances, individuals are not detained unless an officer thinks they can find probable cause through a warrant or if they believe the individual has crucial information regarding a crime. Even persons who have knowledge of a crime can be suspected of involvement as an accomplice. Law enforcement officials regularly use this option to file charges and arrest the suspected informant, even when the chance they would be acquitted is high. And, sometimes this involvement will at least generate an arrest record.
Using a background check to hire someone is a whole different can of worms , and requires strict compliance with federal and state laws, the most important being the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). Most online background check providers don’t provide the level of data you need for this. We can’t say this enough: DO NOT USE YOUR RUN OF THE MILL ONLINE BACKGROUND CHECK PROVIDER FOR EMPLOYMENT PURPOSES. Instead, you need to use what’s called an FCRA compliant background check provider. We’ve heard good things about GoodHire and Checkr - both are well funded and profitable companies in Silicon Valley that are making background checks for employment simple and inexpensive.
All the information included in the background reports sold by these services is public information. You could, if you had the time and patience, find the information on your own. This is the value background check services provide – they do the legwork for you by using web-scraping software to mine public data or by purchasing information in bulk from companies, like Facebook and Twitter, who require users to agree to terms allowing the company to sell their information. Once the services have the public information, they collate it into a report for easy reading. 

In Belgium, there is a national central criminal record system which records, keeps and modifies data related to penal decisions. The criminal record system is maintained by the Federal Public Service Justice.[5] The criminal records held within the central system contain the following data: criminal record number; name, surname and given name; date and place of birth; gender; residence; profession; nationality; court; number of judges; degree of jurisdiction; reference, number and date of judgement; date of transmission to central criminal record; sentence pronounced, place and date of the criminal acts.[6] The central system contains records of
The data held by the Gardaí is not openly available to the public. However, section 4 of the Data Protection Act allows individuals to make a formal request in writing to the Garda Criminal Records Office to access personal data held about them. In making this formal request, individuals must provide sufficient information to establish their identity and ensure that the Gardaí is both able to locate their file and make certain that the personal data is being given to the right person. Sufficient information would include: full name, correct date of birth, any other names used, current address and previous addresses in Ireland, a copy of your passport, driving licence or birth certificate and a fee of €6.35.[58]
In New Zealand, criminal records are administered by the Ministry of Justice. Under the Criminal Records (Clean Slate) Act 2004, records are automatically hidden from the public for less serious offences, if the individual has had no convictions for at least seven years and meets the other criteria of the act. An individual can request either their current (Clean Slate) or complete criminal record through the Ministry of Justice, or provide authorisation for a third party (e.g. employer) to view the current record. It is illegal, with some exceptions, for a third party to request a complete criminal record.[82]

In New Zealand, criminal records are administered by the Ministry of Justice. Under the Criminal Records (Clean Slate) Act 2004, records are automatically hidden from the public for less serious offences, if the individual has had no convictions for at least seven years and meets the other criteria of the act. An individual can request either their current (Clean Slate) or complete criminal record through the Ministry of Justice, or provide authorisation for a third party (e.g. employer) to view the current record. It is illegal, with some exceptions, for a third party to request a complete criminal record.[82]

While not officially a criminal history repository, the National Driver Register (NDR), operated by the Department of Transportation, maintains information on drivers regarding suspended licenses. The NDR maintains a database of information posted by individual states as mandated by federal law. All drivers who have had their licenses suspended for any reason (including suspensions resulting from several successive minor traffic violations: Massachusetts suspends for three separate speeding tickets over a six-month period) have that information posted by state Registry of Motor Vehicles offices to the NDR.


Mandated by the Brady Bill, the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) is used by the FBI to screen potential firearms buyers. Citizens who are currently ineligible to own a firearm under current laws may have the opportunity to have their firearms rights restored. Eligibility largely depends on state laws. In addition to searching the NCIC databases, NICS maintains its own index to search for additional disqualifiers from gun ownership. Private companies are not allowed access to this system for background checks.
Criminal records in the United States contain records of arrests, criminal charges and the disposition of those charges. Criminal records are compiled and updated on local, state, and federal levels by government agencies, most often law enforcement agencies. Their primary purpose is to present a comprehensive criminal history for a specific individual.
Arrest records are official public records, completed by law enforcement agencies, when a person is placed under arrest. An arrest occurs when someone is seized and taken into custody. Local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies all maintain arrest records, and the agency responsible for reporting the arrest is the agency that actually made the arrest. The responsible agency will be determined by a number of factors including jurisdiction and the crime charged. While law enforcement agencies are responsible for reporting, arrest records may also be available from state and federal courts. Federal agencies with the power to arrest include: FBI, ATF, and DEA agencies, as well as any other federal agency given police power from the DHS to the DOE. Most states have at least one state-level law enforcement agency, and many have multiple law enforcement agencies. These agencies usually include some type of highway patrol and game wardens in addition to other state-specific agencies. Local police may include county or municipal law enforcement agencies, and are responsible for the vast majority of arrests.

The FBI's compilation of an individual's criminal identification, arrest, conviction, and incarceration information is known as the Interstate Identification Index, or "Triple-I" for short. This is basically the FBI's rap sheet (Record of Arrest and Prosecution). It contains information voluntarily reported by law enforcement agencies across the country, as well as information provided by other federal agencies. It contains information on felonies and misdemeanors, and may also contain municipal and traffic offenses if reported by the individual agencies.
State criminal histories are maintained by government agencies, most often by law enforcement agencies.[1] In addition to statewide records, local police departments, sheriffs' offices, and specialty police agencies may maintain their own internal databases. Records are also maintained by state departments of correction, in relation to offenders who have been sentenced to prison or a similar disposition that falls under their jurisdiction. Law enforcement agencies often share criminal history information with other enforcement agencies, and criminal history information is normally also available to the public.[2]
In Lithuania, judgments will be removed from the Register immediately after the completion of the sentence, depending on the seriousness of the sentence. For high-risk recidivists (10 years from completion of sentence), very serious offences (8 years), serious offences (5 years), less serious offences (3 years), suspended sentences (immediately on completion of sentence). In cases of minors, convictions incurring custodial sentences remain unspent for half the period of time stated above.[43]
Crime statistics and crime locations are prepared for the East Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff’s Administration to assist in personnel placement and prevention strategies. The Crime Analysis Division also prepares data in presentation form for the CCSM (Crime Control Strategy Meeting). CCSM is a meeting with all criminal commanders so that all Commanders communicate with one another to formulate strategies to address crime in East Baton Rouge Parish.
Secure Flight, operated by the Transportation Security Administration, screens United States airline passengers to see if they are on terrorism watch lists. Unlike the predecessors Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System (CAPPS) & CAPPS II, Secure Flight does not scan passengers for outstanding warrants nor does Secure Flight use computer algorithms to search for links to flagged terrorists.

LACCH information is based completely on the fingerprint submission made at the time of arrest/booking. The best and most timely method to submit arrest information is through AFIS. The criminal history record can also be manually updated when the Bureau receives inked fingerprint cards from Sheriff's Offices and Police Departments not currently using AFIS.
Sweden is one of the countries with the largest databases of criminal records, containing some of the oldest population statistics in the world. In the past, individuals were prohibited from retrieving information about themselves to prevent being forced by employers or landlords to hand over the information.[93] Yet there have been two notable changes in Swedish regulation of criminal records. In 1989, access was given to employers with the implementation of the 'subject access' paragraph in Swedish criminal records legislation. In 2001, it became mandatory for employers to check criminal records of teachers and childcare workers before they were hired, given the seriousness of sex offences against children.[93] Individuals' criminal history records are today more available to the public than ever before.
Arrest records are official public records, completed by law enforcement agencies, when a person is placed under arrest. An arrest occurs when someone is seized and taken into custody. Local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies all maintain arrest records, and the agency responsible for reporting the arrest is the agency that actually made the arrest. The responsible agency will be determined by a number of factors including jurisdiction and the crime charged. While law enforcement agencies are responsible for reporting, arrest records may also be available from state and federal courts. Federal agencies with the power to arrest include: FBI, ATF, and DEA agencies, as well as any other federal agency given police power from the DHS to the DOE. Most states have at least one state-level law enforcement agency, and many have multiple law enforcement agencies. These agencies usually include some type of highway patrol and game wardens in addition to other state-specific agencies. Local police may include county or municipal law enforcement agencies, and are responsible for the vast majority of arrests.
The Sarasota County Sheriff's Office provides this information as a service to citizens, inmate families or friends, attorneys, law enforcement and others; but does not detail the final disposition of criminal justice proceedings. Several area law enforcement agencies bring inmates to the Sarasota County Jail. To obtain reports for these arrests, please contact the records section of the arresting agency. The Sarasota County Sheriff's Office Records Section is open Monday - Friday 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. (except holidays). You can reach the Records Section by calling 941.861.4025.
Find out exactly where the sex offenders in your neighborhood live with a Criminal Records search. You can get detailed information about the sex offenders, when available, including their image, address, and specifics about their sexual offenses. If the person you searched has a record of sexual offenses in the past, a Criminal Records search could give you critical information about the person in question.
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U.S. citizens may be asked to present a “certificate of good conduct” or “lack of a criminal record” for a variety of reasons for use abroad, including adoption, school attendance, employment, etc. U.S. law enforcement authorities may not be familiar with such a procedure since it is not commonly requested in the United States. There are a variety of options available to U.S. citizens seeking to obtain proof of their lack of a criminal record.
There can be no denying that our society has become crime-ridden. For the past several years, millions of Americans have been caught up in some sort of crime violation. They could be in jail, lock-up, detention, probation, parole, rehabilitation or undergoing legal proceedings of criminal charges. Despite all-out and all-front efforts, this worsening trend persists.
In Lithuania, judgments will be removed from the Register immediately after the completion of the sentence, depending on the seriousness of the sentence. For high-risk recidivists (10 years from completion of sentence), very serious offences (8 years), serious offences (5 years), less serious offences (3 years), suspended sentences (immediately on completion of sentence). In cases of minors, convictions incurring custodial sentences remain unspent for half the period of time stated above.[43]
The information in the criminal record certificate includes prior offences, court citations and convictions. According to the severity of the committed crime and, more importantly, the received sentence, most entries are deleted after 5, 10, 15 or 20 years, respectively. The only sentences exempt from this rule are life imprisonment, preventive detention and commitment in a mental hospital.[48]
The conviction rate in the United States is nearly 99.8% with numbers varying from state to state. The high conviction rate comes from defendants pleading guilty to the charges brought against them, which results in reduced sentences. The great majority of defendants do not go to trial, and most of those who do, end up getting convicted for the crimes attributed to them.
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