A fingerprint background check, or Identity History Summary, is often used in conjunction with other background checks and is most often used as part of the pre-employment screening process. A fingerprint background check is mandatory for government-run institutions such as public schools, airports, law enforcement agencies, hospitals, and fire departments.
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However, when applicants for a state professional license or job that is considered a public office or high security (such as security guard, law enforcement, or related to national security) must confess if they have an expunged conviction or else be denied clearance by the DOJ. With few exceptions, there is no post-conviction relief available in the federal system other than a presidential pardon.[10]

In this day and age, it’s more important than ever to know about the people in your life. Performing an online Background Check with Intelius can give you confidence that the people who spend time with you and your family are safe and trustworthy. And running a Background Check on yourself helps to ensure that your identity hasn’t been compromised or stolen. Gain reassurance, and be confident that you’re securely receiving the most accurate and up-to-date information available from billions of public records.
We spent over 40 hours evaluating background check services. To test them, we searched for three people with names ranging from common to uncommon. After purchasing reports from each company, we checked them for accuracy. Based on our results, Intelius is the best background check company overall. It has some of the lowest prices we saw, and its reports include information about work history, addresses and criminal records. The reports are current and especially useful for finding email addresses, since it pulled results other background searches didn’t find.     
In the 21st century, there has been controversy about for-profit data mining companies that harvest much of the electronic booking blotter records from various police authorities[104] nationwide and offer it free on the public Internet and for sale to employers. Though frequently effective at identifying applicants with criminal backgrounds, the mined data does not usually reflect subsequent results of any criminal prosecution, acquittal, or dismissal of charges,[105] and the highly prejudicial nature of such records can damage applicant chances for jobs and other benefits when such records are not in proper context of subsequent prosecutorial result for a hiring manager or recruiter to evaluate. In many cases, records are available for seven years[106] or more beyond acquittals or dismissal of charges. In addition, since arrest records can sometimes be mistakenly matched to individuals with the same or similar names, the prejudicial nature of the available records, particularly violent ones, can negatively affect applicants and candidates in a dramatic way when they otherwise have no actual criminal record.[107]
As a general rule, employers may not take adverse action against an applicant or employee (not hiring or terminating them), solely on the basis of results obtained through a database search. Database searches, as opposed to source records searches (search of actual county courthouse records), are notoriously inaccurate, contain incomplete or outdated information, and should only be used as an added safety net when conducting a background check. Failure by employers to follow FCRA guidelines can result in hefty penalties.[18]
A background check that reveals arrest records is often performed by employers who wish to know if prospective employees have criminal records. There are many jobs that a criminal record can prevent you from getting, such as banking, nursing, truck driving and more. In some places, a criminal record will prevent you from leaving your country to travel abroad.
Portugal's criminal record system is an electronic database manned and maintained by Portugal's Direcção Geral da Administração da Justiça (General Direction for the Administration of Justice, DGAJ).[73] The system contains the records of Portuguese citizens that reside in Portugal, Portuguese nationals that live abroad and any foreign citizens that reside within Portugal.[73] Disclosure of an individual's criminal record is allowed at the request of the individual; themselves, or a third party with written consent of the individual. For example, an employer may request to see their possible employee's criminal record with their consent. However, the application must be made in person.[73] The certificate regarding criminal records in Portugal is called a "certificado do registo criminal" (certificate of criminal registration) which conveys whether an individual has a criminal record. An extension of this is a more detailed certificate regarding an individual's criminal activities which provides evidence for an individual to be employed in a job where they have access to large sums of cash, need high security clearance or supervise children.[73] This particular certificate is granted in a similar way to Australia's Working With Children Check, which supplies an employer with information regarding any previous criminal activity and ensures that convicted criminals are not employed in the same areas where they may have previously committed crimes.[73][85] Applications for the certificates can be made through several channels, there is a central repository for criminal records located in Lisbon, alongside a vast selection of regional courts and their administration services throughout Portugal that can provide individuals with certificates and for Portuguese nationals residing overseas, applications can be made through embassies and consulates.[73] However, none of the channels through which the certificates are available provide translation services, and therefore the certificate produced is always written in Portuguese, even when produced by an embassy in a non-Portuguese-speaking state.[73]
The hiring of undocumented workers has become an issue for American businesses since the forming of the Department of Homeland Security and its Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) division. Many history making immigration raids[15] over the past two years have forced employers to consider including legal working status as part of their background screening process. All employers are required to keep government Form I-9 documents on all employees and some states mandate the use of the federal E-Verify program to research the working status of Social Security numbers. With increased concern for right-to-work issues, many outsourcing companies are sprouting in the marketplace to help automate and store Form I-9 documentation. Some jobs are only available to citizens who are residents of that country due to security concerns.

Unlike the handwritten criminal records of the past, nowadays these types of files are kept in computer databases. All police agencies that make arrests keep a record of them in their computer database. In addition to the police databases, each state keeps information on arrests and convictions in repositories according to their own guidelines. Under the Freedom of Information Act (FIOS), US residents can view their criminal records that become public records after they are documented.
We get this question a lot, and it’s a bit of a complicated answer. There are definitely many sources of free online background information, especially on the state level. See our state by state guides above for specifics. There are even a few federal sources that are free to search, too. The problem starts with knowing where to search and who to search on. Maybe that guy you’re dating had an alias in another state - how would you know? Or perhaps he committed a crime on the other side of the country. Would you know to search in a different state if they hadn’t told you they lived there? That’s why we’re big fans of the online background checks, especially ones with free trials. They’ve done the dirty work of searching for this information, and turn up a lot of things you might miss if you looked yourself.
Portland Public Schools recognizes the diversity and worth of all individuals and groups and their roles in society. It is the policy of the Portland Public Schools Board of Education that there will be no discrimination or harassment of individuals or groups on the grounds of age, color, creed, disability, marital status, national origin, race, religion, sex or sexual orientation in any educational programs, activities or employment.
The National Criminal Register Information Office provides individuals and employers with disclosure in one of two formats: as an Inquiry about an Individual ("Zapytanie o udzielenie informacji o osobie") in the event that no disclosable convictions are found; or a National Criminal Register's Information about an Individual ("Informacja o osobie z Krajowego Rejestru Karnego") in the event that disclosable information exists.[73]
We get this question a lot, and it’s a bit of a complicated answer. There are definitely many sources of free online background information, especially on the state level. See our state by state guides above for specifics. There are even a few federal sources that are free to search, too. The problem starts with knowing where to search and who to search on. Maybe that guy you’re dating had an alias in another state - how would you know? Or perhaps he committed a crime on the other side of the country. Would you know to search in a different state if they hadn’t told you they lived there? That’s why we’re big fans of the online background checks, especially ones with free trials. They’ve done the dirty work of searching for this information, and turn up a lot of things you might miss if you looked yourself.
If you know you have criminal convictions or arrests on your record, you should ask for a report from the court(s) where those charges were filed. Remember to check with county, state, and federal courts if applicable. And if you want files from a county court, plan to visit the courthouse. Most county courts require someone to obtain records in person.
Arrests for felonies, misdemeanors, and both criminal and civil charges are included in the Arrest Record. They may also contain pending warrants, fines, or monetary restitution for an arrest or conviction, and charges that have been dismissed or for which the individual was acquitted. If an arrest led to a conviction, the Arrest Record may list the sentence and any incarceration. An Arrest Record will also show if an individual is on the sex offender registry.
Most prisons in the United States adhere to a daily routine the prisoners have to follow: morning alarm followed by breakfast, breaktime/work time, prayer time, time for prison and state programs, lunch, time off/work time, dinner and lights out. Each prison decides in which times during the day prisoners will perform the schedule above in accordance to the facility's security level, population and needs.

Since LinkedIn is primarily for professional networking and development, you can use the information people include on their profiles to do free background checks of their professional and academic history. The catch is, of course, the person needs to have a profile and the information isn’t necessarily correct. In fact, according to a HireRight report, 85 percent of job applicants lie on their resumes. And since LinkedIn is essentially a public resume of professional and academic experience, including interests and hobbies, there’s good reason to view someone’s profile with skepticism. 
The goal of the system is to compile the most accurate, up-to-date, and comprehensive arrest and disposition information for arrested persons and to make this information accessible to all criminal justice agencies. Criminal history information is a valuable tool for law enforcement, the courts, and corrections. Law enforcement agencies have the capability to make inquiries of this system electronically through the Louisiana Law Enforcement Message Switch (LEMS).
A tort is one of the most common types of lawsuit for seeking money. It’s filed by plaintiffs who claim to have experienced pain and suffering or a loss of compensation caused by the defendant. For example, if you’re hit by a driver, your insurance company might only cover your medical bills, so you sue the driver to compensate against the loss of income. The intention of seeking a financial judgment makes it the most common lawsuit filed.

Criminal records are not purged regardless of time or seriousness of the case.[49] However, under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Ordinance (HK Laws. Chap 297), a criminal record is considered 'spent' if it was the first criminal offence, sentenced to less than 3 months in jail or fined less than $10,000 and a period of 3 years has elapsed since conviction and no new conviction is registered against the said person.[50] Spent records are recorded as such with the exception to:
If you’re looking for a free background check, you’re not going to find it unless you’re willing to put in the work. Many sites, such as DMV.org and Backgroundchecks.org, appear to provide free background check reports, but as soon as you enter the name into the search tools, you’re redirected to BeenVerified. And while this service strings you along with an impressive array of animations to make it look like it’s scanning the internet for information, ultimately, you have to pay for the information. Even SearchQuarry.com, whose slogan is “Information is Free” doesn’t give up any information for free.
Arrests, prosecutions and the disposition of the case for persons arrested for Class B misdemeanor or greater violation of Texas criminal statutes, as well as Class C convictions or deferred adjudications that are reported to the Department. The statute identifies many of the actual data elements. In addition, although not required by statute, CCH has traditionally included limited supervision data reported to DPS by TDCJ.

To begin your search for information please select "Accept" below. The information provided on and obtained from this site does not constitute the official record of Kern County Superior Court. This information is provided as a service to the general public. Any user of this information is hereby advised that it is being provided "as is". The information provided may be subject to errors or omissions. Visitors to this site agree that the Court is not liable for errors or omissions or any of the information provided. Visitors further consent to access the record only as instructed by the Court and consent to the Court's monitoring of access to the records. Copyright and other proprietary rights may apply to information in a case file absent an express grant of additional rights by the holder of the copyright or other proprietary right. Use of such information is permissible only to the extent permitted by law or court order, and any use inconsistent with proprietary rights is prohibited. The Court may deny access to a member of the public for failure to comply with any of these conditions of use. Any person who willfully destroys or alters any court record maintained in electronic form is subject to the penalties imposed by Government Code section 6201. To obtain an "official certified" record of the court, please visit the Court and request the specific documents in person or do so in writing. Certification and copy fee information is available here


There is a centralised criminal record system, there is only one centralised database where the final criminal conviction issued by a Slovak criminal court is registered. This database is in electronic form and is maintained a unit within the General Prosecutors office of the Slovak Republic. The relevant legislation for this is governed by the Act on Criminal Records.[87] As of 2008 there was a proposed bill that these criminal records could only be accessed by request to the General Prosecutors office when the person in question was up for a position which required a clean criminal record. Certain criminal records are not accessible at any time for instance the criminal record/record details of the President of the Republic of Slovakia are not available to anyone during his/her time in office.[88] The criminal records and persona details of everyone held by the General Prosecutors office are lifelong, and continue to be updated throughout their life, every time they move address/change name etc.

For the formerly incarcerated, a criminal record is a barrier to reentering the workforce, making it much more difficult for ex-felons to rehabilitate into society. In an effort to increase employment opportunities and decrease recidivism rates, the federal government offers incentives to employers for hiring convicted felons through the Work Opportunity Tax Credit program.


A lien is a legal procedure creditors use to claim ownership of a debtor’s property if the terms of a debt are not fulfilled. Typically, liens are placed on a a person’s home or property by a credit card company, hospital or the IRS. Liens ensure that if you can’t pay the debt, the lien holder can reclaim the debt by taking ownership of your property.
Information supplied depends on the level of disclosure required. Low-level disclosures only reveal unspent convictions (convictions which have not yet been expunged under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974), while enhanced disclosures normally include all convictions, cautions, reprimands and final warnings. An enhanced criminal record certificate may contain relevant information that need not relate solely to criminal matters.[99]

Portland Public Schools recognizes the diversity and worth of all individuals and groups and their roles in society. It is the policy of the Portland Public Schools Board of Education that there will be no discrimination or harassment of individuals or groups on the grounds of age, color, creed, disability, marital status, national origin, race, religion, sex or sexual orientation in any educational programs, activities or employment.

We spent over 40 hours evaluating background check services. To test them, we searched for three people with names ranging from common to uncommon. After purchasing reports from each company, we checked them for accuracy. Based on our results, Intelius is the best background check company overall. It has some of the lowest prices we saw, and its reports include information about work history, addresses and criminal records. The reports are current and especially useful for finding email addresses, since it pulled results other background searches didn’t find.     
We get this question a lot, and it’s a bit of a complicated answer. There are definitely many sources of free online background information, especially on the state level. See our state by state guides above for specifics. There are even a few federal sources that are free to search, too. The problem starts with knowing where to search and who to search on. Maybe that guy you’re dating had an alias in another state - how would you know? Or perhaps he committed a crime on the other side of the country. Would you know to search in a different state if they hadn’t told you they lived there? That’s why we’re big fans of the online background checks, especially ones with free trials. They’ve done the dirty work of searching for this information, and turn up a lot of things you might miss if you looked yourself.
As background check services turn into subscription services, the temptation for businesses to use the information for employment screening is extremely high. After all, anyone willing to pay around $30 to $50 per month can anonymously view unlimited background reports for as many applicants as they want. And there is little accountability or policing of how you use the information since it's all considered public record.
Law No 290 governs the disclosure of criminal records in Romania. The criminal records of all Romanian citizens are kept in a Central Criminal Records database by the General Inspectorate of the Romanian Police. Police stations gather and keep the records of conviction status of individuals born in Romania, and it is their responsibility to keep these records up-to-date. This type of criminal record disclosure is named the Criminal Records Certificate. These Certificates contain personal information including full name, unique identification number, date and place of birth, most recent address, name of parents, and the details of the committed offence, rehabilitation and extradition information.
We also considered how current the reports were. We saw a wide range in the results. Most had current addresses, though one of our subjects had moved recently, and the most recent address wasn’t in the reports – you can expect a small lag if there have been recent changes. Some of the lower scoring services had addresses our subjects hadn’t lived at for more than a decade.
The criminal record system in Luxembourg is maintained under the authority of the State Prosecutor General. It contains information about convictions from Luxembourg criminal courts and, under certain conditions, foreign courts.[67] Criminal records have two parts, Bulletin no 1 which contains the complete statement of convictions of a person living or working in Luxembourg, and Bulletin no 2 which contains all convictions with the exception of suspended criminal sentences to prison for less than six months.[68]

Criminal history information is generally available to the public, and criminal history information for a specific state can typically be obtained from the state agency that maintains the record. States normally charge a fee for a copy of a person's criminal history. Private individuals can typically obtain copies of their own records, but may need a release in order to obtain the record of another person.

In Malta, criminal records are held by the Criminal Records Office which is maintained by the Malta Police.[70] Individual criminal records can be obtained by requesting a Conduct Certificate from the Malta Police. Requests can be made in writing if outside the country or in person at the Malta Police Headquarters in Floriana. According to Conduct Certificate Ordinance,[71] Chapter 77 of the Laws of Malta,[72] a court order is required to issue a Conduct Certificate of someone other than the person which it refers to. Information contained in the Conduct certificate includes a declaration of whether the person is in good conduct or a declaration containing the convictions recorded against the person. In Malta there is provision under the Probation Act for conviction to be removed from the criminal record. Criminal records are kept for a maximum of 10 years.[73]
Information supplied depends on the level of disclosure required. Low-level disclosures only reveal unspent convictions (convictions which have not yet been expunged under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974), while enhanced disclosures normally include all convictions, cautions, reprimands and final warnings. An enhanced criminal record certificate may contain relevant information that need not relate solely to criminal matters.[99]
Although this database is not public, applications for a criminal records disclosure can be made to the DCREM, anyone who has lived in Slovenia for a significant amount of time may apply for the disclosure of a particular criminal record. Although perspective employers cannot request a copy directly from the DCREM, they must request this from the perspective employee.[89] The time in which a conviction remains on a person's criminal record depends on the type of conviction received, i.e. The longer the prison sentence served the longer the conviction remains on the record, up to 15 years. If a conviction is 15 years' imprisonment this shall never be removed from the criminal record. However, if the conviction is removed, then all rights are given back to the person in question, as if the conviction had never been received at all.
In Lithuania, judgments will be removed from the Register immediately after the completion of the sentence, depending on the seriousness of the sentence. For high-risk recidivists (10 years from completion of sentence), very serious offences (8 years), serious offences (5 years), less serious offences (3 years), suspended sentences (immediately on completion of sentence). In cases of minors, convictions incurring custodial sentences remain unspent for half the period of time stated above.[43]
Disclaimer: BeenVerified’s mission is to give people easy and affordable access to public record information, but BeenVerified does not provide private investigator services or consumer reports, and is not a consumer reporting agency per the Fair Credit Reporting Act. You may not use our site or service or the information provided to make decisions about employment, admission, consumer credit, insurance, tenant screening or any other purpose that would require FCRA compliance. For more information governing permitted and prohibited uses, please review our “Do’s & Don’ts” and Terms & Conditions.

Criminal records are not purged regardless of time or seriousness of the case.[49] However, under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Ordinance (HK Laws. Chap 297), a criminal record is considered 'spent' if it was the first criminal offence, sentenced to less than 3 months in jail or fined less than $10,000 and a period of 3 years has elapsed since conviction and no new conviction is registered against the said person.[50] Spent records are recorded as such with the exception to:
State Police is designated as the CJIS Systems Agency (CSA) for Louisiana. The CSA is required to "Manage" the operations of the Law Enforcement Network and ensure Criminal Justice information access to local, parish, federal, and other criminal justice interests. This network consists of various databases and computer networks that provide essential information to the Criminal Justice community in the completion of their Criminal Justice missions.
Judicial data on criminal offences are kept for 30 years after the criminal sentence has become irrevocable. Extensions can occur for non suspended prison sentences, mental hospital orders and youth detention. Data involving Minor offences are stored until five years after the irrevocable settlement of the case – extended to ten years if the individual was sentenced to prison or community service. Eighty years after the birth of the individual, all data is removed.[78]

Each criminal record certificate has two components: the first regarding the individuation of the person and the second consisting of the content of the person's prior criminal acts. Every certificate must contain: information concerning the person's identity including the paternal surname and if they are married, and the final judgement/s passed down by a court. Specifically, Article 574.2 CCrP states that certificates must record:


A lien is a legal procedure creditors use to claim ownership of a debtor’s property if the terms of a debt are not fulfilled. Typically, liens are placed on a a person’s home or property by a credit card company, hospital or the IRS. Liens ensure that if you can’t pay the debt, the lien holder can reclaim the debt by taking ownership of your property.
The Czech Republic took part in the Network of Judicial Registers pilot project, with 10 other countries, exchanging information on criminal records electronically.[31] The criminal record system of the Czech Republic is a computerized system. Criminal record information is maintained at the Criminal Records Office in Prague—which is state-funded and can be found at the offices of the Ministry of Justice.[32]
Misdemeanors are lesser crimes which mandate lighter sentences. Incarceration ceiling is typically 1 year imprisonment depending on states. All incarcerations, however, warrant a record which will be entered into the file of the offender. Felonies are the most serious of all, with sentences up to life imprisonment or even the death penalty in some states. This will not only be recorded but can be posted on other crime alert or notice.
A criminal background check in particular gives you a fast, easy, and private way to learn more about anyone's criminal past. All you need is a first name, last name, and a city and state. Our database is filled with detailed information about more than 250 million people in the U.S. Getting started is simple; just enter the info you have in the field at the top of this page, and click "Search."
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